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The Group’s greenhouse gas emissions consist almost exclusively of carbon dioxide generated by fossil fuels for heating, transport, power generation and the purchase of electricity from third parties staff travel (service/maintenance activities, business trips and commuting from home to work).

In addition to these, fugitive emissions i.e. hydrochlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs and HFCs) and other gases from air conditioning systems are also considered and converted into kg of CO2 equivalent.

For atmospheric emissions as well, use is made of the GHG Protocol approach, distinguishing between direct or Scope1 emissions (use of fossil fuels for transport, heating, power generation and fugitive emissions), indirect or Scope2 emissions (purchase of electricity for industrial and civil use) and other indirect or Scope3 emissions. Unless otherwise stated, the atmospheric emission figures given here have been calculated based on the updated coefficients made available by the GHG Protocol[1].Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx) emissions are negligible.

Information on Group's emissions, strategy, measures, management of climate change related risks and opportunities are also communicated every year to stakeholders through the CDP Climate Change questionnaire. In 2018 CDP TIM has achieved a B, which testifies a good management of climate change related issues.

 

Carbon Intensity Indicator

TIM measures the “carbon footprint” of its Domestic BU also by using  an indicator that establishes a relationship between the company’s direct and indirect operational CO2 emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2), measured in kg, with the service offered to the customers in terms of Tbit transmitted.

The value of the indicator decreased significantly in 2018: -19% compared to 2017[1] and -42% compared to 2016. The traffic transmitted also increased significantly: +27% compared to 2017 and +58% compared to 2016.

For the next three years, TIM proposes the following target values:

2019: 7.54 kg CO2e / Tbit

2020: 6.78 kg CO2e / Tbit

2021: 6.24 kg CO2e / Tbit

 

 

[1] The comparison was made with a 2017 data updated with respect to that reported in the last Sustainability Report, as the result of a review carried out after the publication of the 2017 Report. The updated carbon intensity index data for 2017 is 10.6 kg of CO2 /Tbit.

TIM SpA + TIM Brazil  CO2e tons %YoY 
Direct Greenhouse gas emissions  161,582 19
Indirect Greenhouse gas emissions 661,256 (1.8)