Sintetiche riflessioni che “suonano un campanello” sulla evoluzione della tecnologia e dell’Industry

A cura di Technology - Innovation T.I.TIM.TSC - Technical Scouting

Numero 21 – 21 giugno 2018

L’Archivio delle Triggering News è a questo link
Il numero corrente (versione .pdf)

 

5G e Future Net

 

 

Volume di traffico per linea: In US spingono ancora di più sull'Unlimited

Verizon lancia un nuovo data plan Unlimited, superiore ai 2 già esistenti, con ben 75 GB di traffico LTE al mese e nessuna limitazione in caso di congestione!

 

Verizon, che aveva già 2 pacchetti Unlimited (Go, il più economico e Beyond che era la versione premium), aggiunge una versione ancora più estrema di Unlimited, con 75 GB di traffico LTE senza limitazione, nemmeno durante i periodi di congestione in rete. Il prezzo varia da 95$ per una sola linea a 60$ per 4 linee e comprende anche 20 GB di traffico da utilizzare in tethering, 500 GB di cloud storage e dei TravelPass per avere tariffe convenienti all’estero. Curiosamente, la notizia arriva lo stesso giorno in cui Sprint termina dopo una sola settimana la sua promozione “Unlimited Kickstart” per clienti di altri operatori, con la quale offriva una tariffa Unlimited a soli 15$; il motivo è stato il successo dell’iniziativa: molto superiore alle aspettative!

 

Netflix and Alphabet will need to become ISPs, fast

In USA, fine del Network Neutrality e l'OK antitrust al merging di telco e editori tv può portare alla fine del concetto di Internet come è stata in questi 25 anni; il 5G può essere sia un freno che  una accelerazione. Articolo da leggere fino in fondo!

 

This week completely scrambled the video landscape, and its implications are going to take months to fully understand.
First is the district court’s decision to approve the merger of AT&T and Time Warner announced just moments ago. That will create one of the largest content creation and distribution companies in the world when it closes. It is also expected to encourage Comcast to make a similar bid for 21st Century Fox, further consolidating the market. 
But the second major story was the final (final final) repeal of the FCC’s net neutrality rules yesterday that will allow telecom companies like AT&T to prioritize their own content over that of competitors. 
The combination of these two stories is spooking every video on demand service, from YouTube to Netflix .  While companies like Netflix and Alphabet have negotiated with the ISPs for years, the combination of these two news stories puts them in a significantly weaker negotiating position going forward.
While consumers still have some level of power — ultimately, ISPs want to deliver the content that their consumers want — a slow degrading of the experience for YouTube or Netflix could be enough to move consumers to “preferred” content. Some have even called this the start of the “cable-ification” of the internet. AT&T, for instance, has wasted no time in creating prioritized fast lanes.

 

Discussion of Nationalized 5G Rises From the Dead

Il capo della campagna di Trump tweetta nuovamente su una rete 5G unica nazionalizzata negli USA (sollevando mille opinioni contro)

 

Even after controversy arose earlier this year over a leaked proposal to create a government-backed 5G network, President Trump’s campaign chief reiterated the issue in a recent tweet.
“It is time for America to have a single 5G network for all carriers,” Brad Parscale said in his tweet. “The days of dropped calls, slow speeds, and no service need to end. It is time for the U.S. to have the world’s best cell service.

 

NTT and Tokyo Institute of Tech achieve 100 Gbps using terahertz band

Ne parleremo tra 10 anni ma c’è chi ha iniziato a prototipare!
Un altro annuncio su velocità mirabolanti sulla radio ... ne parliamo tra 10 anni commercialmente!

 

 

NTT and Tokyo Institute of Technology have jointly developed an ultra high-speed IC for wireless front-end that operates on a terahertz frequency band, and in the 300 GHz band they have achieved a record 100 Gbps wireless transmission data rate.
The researchers implemented a mixer circuit that applied a unique proprietary high isolation design technology with an Indium phosphide high electron mobility transistor (InP-HEMT). NTT said this process enlarged the transmission bandwidth, which is a problem in the conventional 300 GHz band wireless front end. It also improved the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In addition, using this we realized a 300 GHz band wireless front-end module, and we achieved wireless transmission of 100 Gbps (gigabits per second).
NTT said future work will extend to multiple carriers by making use of the wide frequency band of 300 GHz band, and using spatial multiplexing technology such as MIMO and OAM. The researchers hope to produce an ultra high-speed IC that enables wireless transmission of 400 Gbos.

http://www.ntt.co.jp/news2018/1806e/180611a.html

 

Orange conducts Cloud RAN trial with Nokia

Un esempio di bi-modal: Orange ha sceglie un'area geografica e lì applica le nuove tech e processi, in questo caso vRAN

 

 

Orange conducted a trial of Cloud RAN technology in its live network in Poland in conjunction with Nokia.
The trial, which used Orange's own cloud infrastructure, took place from March to the beginning of May in Poland, with radio sites in the city of Chelm and the virtualized part of the baseband running in a data center in Lublin, around 70 km away.. The two companies trialed Cloud RAN technology to prepare for the eventual introduction of a distributed cloud architecture for 5G by Orange.
Piotr Jaworski, CTO of Orange Poland, said: "During this trial, Orange Poland has successfully trialed virtualized RAN architectures in collaboration with Nokia and investigated the impact on network operations. The quality and performance observed during the trial give confidence on the RAN virtualization and is a critical step for us towards 5G."

 

BT Aims to Switch Off PSTN by 2022

Altri operatori hanno fatto annunci simili: BT per il 2025, DT per il 2020

 

 

On the network transformation front, BT has long struggled with a shutdown of its old-fashioned PSTN network as it moves customers onto newer Internet Protocol (IP) technologies.
The latest target is for a PSTN shutdown by 2025, by which stage it will be around 30 years old. "There are 16 million lines on the PSTN and Openreach [BT's infrastructure business] has started a consultation with the industry and is considering a date of 2025 [for shutdown]," said Watson. "It needs replacement."
BT is not the only European operator that has found PSTN shutdown much harder than it had originally expected. Deutsche Telekom  recently said it would miss a 2018 target for all-IP transformation and is now aiming to complete that transition by 2020.

 

Google Fiber Microtrenching Blamed for Surge in Outages

Dopo qualche anno il microtrencing usato da Google, a meno di 10 cm, da problemi alla rete e le fibre sono danneggiate ...

 

 

There's been a spike in complaints out of Nashville regarding Google Fiber outages locals say is thanks to the company's increased use of "microtrenching" to bury fiber lines. Google increasingly began using microtrenching a few years ago as a way to speed up and reduce the cost of the company's clearly languishing Google Fiber deployment. The concept of microtrenching isn't new, and Google has been experimenting with it for six years or so, It allows companies to use a machine to dig just a few inches deep under the edge of the road, avoiding more disruptive digging particularly on homeowners' property.
While microtrenching might be cheaper initially, Nashville locals are finding out that the shallow fiber depth means that routine road construction is more likely to cause damage to fiber lines that Google crews then have to come back and repair.
A section of East Nashville is the latest to learn the perils of burying lines in shallow trenches. A routine road-repaving project went deep enough to disrupt the cables, which have been frayed, cut, pulled out of the ground and left strewn about as the roadwork continues.Metro Public Works says its crews have had to tear up fiber lines five times this year, and that Google Fiber's team is then asked to respond quickly to cut deeper trenches and replace the fiber, so as to allow the paving jobs to be completed.

 

Il rame non muove mai: ASSIA Chief: DSL Could Support Terabit Speeds

Il rame non muore mai ... 10 Gbps a 500 metri con Massive MIMO e Gigahertz su doppino

 

 

Copper twisted pair telephone wiring could someday support terabit speeds over distances of approximately 100 meters, according to Dr. John Cioffi, chairman and CEO of broadband software development company ASSIA. Technologies underlying terabit DSL would include a waveguide approach in combination with vectoring, explained Cioffi in an interview with Telecompetitor, in which he provided details on ASSIA’s research in this area, originally outlined last year.
“We’re in the early stages of looking into an orders of magnitude improvement in copper,” explained Cioffi.
Waveguides provide a structure that restricts wave expansion, while vectoring reduces crosstalk to enhance performance.
Making terabit DSL a reality would require “different sectors in the industry to work together,” Cioffi said.

Terabit DSL
Key to supporting dramatically high speeds over copper would be to use higher frequencies for data transmission – such as the millimeter wave frequencies some service providers plan to use for 5G wireless communications, Cioffi said. As with wireless communications, ultra-high frequencies can support dramatically higher data rates in comparison with lower frequencies.
“Once you get into high frequencies, even 1% of bandwidth has a very large data rate – two bits per hertz,” explained Cioffi.
Also as with wireless communications, however, the downside to using higher frequencies is the distance covered.
Cioffi believes the terabit DSL technology – based on waveguides, ultra-high frequency transmission and vectoring over twisted pair – could support speeds of 100 Gbps over 300 meters and 10 Gbps over 500 meters. The technology might support lower speeds over distances of up to 700-1,000 meters, but might not be practical beyond that distance, he said.
Asked whether terabit DSL had advanced beyond the theoretical, Cioffi noted that a scientist at Brown University already has proven the concept in tests over short distances using a single wire.
What Cioffi would like to see happen next is for waveguide experts to measure data rates – a task that requires $10 million-laboratories.  Cioffi said he is trying to get the National Science Foundation to fund these measurements. Some service providers also have said they will provide some funding for terabit DSL research, he noted.
Once researchers have enough data to support their calculations, Cioffi anticipates that chip vendors and service providers will be interested in developing the technology.
“Network planners will be working for years to figure out how to offer services and not spend too much on infrastructure,” he observed.
As for commercializing the technology, Cioffi said he doesn’t expect cost to be a huge issue.
Per approfondimenti il link:
 https://www.assia-inc.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/TDSL-presentation.pdf

 
 


Cloud, IoT, AI

 

 

Global LPWA network connections to pass 1 billion by 2023

Oggi il 90% delle connessioni IoT sono con tecnologie unlicensed, ma il 2023 dovrebbe essere l'anno del sorpasso, con NB IoT, LTE M, sull'unlicensed (oltre che del raggiugimento di 1 miliardo di connessioni)

 

It looks like 2023 is the magic year for cellular IoT, at least according to new projections released today by ABI Research. As well as LPWA passing the 1 billion connection mark by 2023, it will also be the year that non-cellular LPWA will cede its market share dominance to NB-IoT and LTE-M, as cellular LPWA moves to capture over 55 per cent of LPWA connections.
Currently, it’s non-cellular that is dominating, with smart meters and asset trackers contributing to almost three-quarters of all LPWA network connections. ABI Research notes that private LPWA networks, built to address a single vertical application or an individual enterprise, accounted for 93 per cent of LPWA connections in 2017, but the rapidly expanding geographic footprint of public networks will see a change in fortunes.

 
 

IDC: IoT spending to hit $1.2 trillion in 2022

 

Internet of Things (IoT) spending will experience a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.6% over the 2017-2022 forecast period and reach $1.2 trillion in 2022, according to IDC's latest Worldwide Semiannual Internet of Things Spending Guide (version 2H17).
"The IoT market is at a turning point – projects are moving from proof of concept into commercial deployments," said Carrie MacGillivray, group vice president, Internet of Things and Mobility. "Organizations are looking to extend their investment as they scale their projects, driving spending for the hardware, software, services, and connectivity required to enable IoT solutions."
The IDC IoT Spending Guide details end-user adoption and spending across multiple segmentations. "The latest IoT Spending Guide release fully aligns to IDC's Industry Taxonomy. IDC said the consumer sector will lead IoT spending growth with a worldwide CAGR of 19%, followed closely by the insurance and healthcare provider industries. From a total spending perspective, discrete manufacturing and transportation will each exceed $150 billion in spending in 2022, making these the two largest industries for IoT spending. From an enterprise use case perspective, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) solutions will experience the fastest spending growth (29% CAGR) over the forecast period, followed by traffic management and connected vehicle security.
The Worldwide Semiannual Internet of Things Spending Guide forecasts IoT spending for 14 technologies across 20 vertical industries in nine regions and 53 countries through 100 use cases. Unlike any other research in the industry, this comprehensive spending guide was designed to help vendors clearly understand the industry-specific opportunity for IoT technologies today.

 

Morgan Stanley: Autonomous cars could net telecom carriers $1.3 trillion annually, more than smartphones , but need 5G

Ma non basta offrire solo connettività…

 

Back when smartphones were first introduced, mobile data was less than one-tenth of carrier revenue.
Now that smartphones have all but taken over the world, Morgan Stanley is betting that an even bigger disruption will come from the introduction of data-connected autonomous vehicles.
"Our forecasts of AV data consumption imply a revolutionary change for Telco services – much like the arrival of the smart-phone in 2007," a team of analysts said in a report on the intersection of autonomous cars and telecommunications companies published Tuesday.
What's more, selling data for self-driving cars could net carriers $1.3 trillion annually, the bank estimates, saying it would be a "sea change" for their revenue streams.
Of course, much of the connected-car universe can't fully thrive without a full rollout of the hotly anticipated 5G data network, something Sprint says its merger with T-Mobile will help to accelerate.
"In a world where there is full autonomy, mobile networks will need to play a crucial role in the ecosystem," Morgan Stanley says. "Vehicle connectivity to mobile networks can address crashes that cannot otherwise be prevented by current technology (using camera and sensors) or vehicle-to-vehicle platforms. In short, network-connected vehicles are not restricted by line-of-sight limitations. Essentially, data on accidents, congestion/traffic jams, road blockages could be transmitted via 5G."

 

HPE to invest $4 billion in Intelligent Edge technologies

MEC is the new black

 

Hewlett Packard Enterprise plans to invest $4 billion in Intelligent Edge technologies and services over the next four years.
Company CEO Antonio Neri made the announcement in his opening keynote for HPE Discover • HPE believes intelligent edge is its “next big opportunity” • The money will be spent on developing technology and services to enable an edge-to-cloud architecture of the future, where most of the data generated by connected devices is processed at the edge
“Data is the new intellectual property, and companies that can distill intelligence from their data —whether in a smart hospital or an autonomous car—will be the ones to lead,” said Antonio Neri, president and chief executive officer, HPE. “HPE has been at the forefront of developing technologies and services for the Intelligent Edge, and with this investment, we are accelerating our ability to drive this growing category for the future. The next evolution in enterprise technology will be in edge-to-cloud architecture. Enterprises will require millions of distributed clouds that enable real-time insights and personalized experiences exactly where the action is happening.”
The company will invest that much in technology and services to enable the intelligent edge, a catch-all phrase used to describe the myriad of things like smart sensors and cameras or devices that aggregate and process data they produce upstream in the network, such as routers, gateways, or servers. What makes them “edge” devices is their location at the source of the data rather than in a big data center somewhere far away. What makes them “intelligent” is the computing capacity and software to analyze the data in near-real-time, as it’s being generated, and make decisions based on insights gleaned from that analysis.
Hewlett Packard Enterprise on Tuesday unveiled a new strategy it’s planning to spend $4 billion to pursue over the next four years.

 

BT announces “unhackable” quantum-secured network; Eurobites: Telefonica, Huawei Join the Quantum Party

Due annunci in pochi giorni da parte degli operatori;  BT non è l'unico operatore a sperimentare le possibilità del Quantum Computing per migliorare la sicurezza delle reti

 

The quantum-secured link, which will connect to the Cambridge Metropolitan QKD (quantum key distribution) Network, runs across a standard fibre connection through multiple BT exchanges over a distance of 120km, making it the first high-speed “real-world” deployment of quantum-based network security in the UK.
The network link, which is capable of transferring 500Gbps of data, will explore and validate use cases for QKD technologies. This will include how the technology can be deployed to secure critical national infrastructure, as well as to protect the transfer of critical data, such as sensitive medical and financial information.
Many encryption systems are based on the premise that it would take too long for anyone to carry out the mathematical calculations required to reveal the encryption keys, but even basic quantum computers will be capable of determining encryption fast enough for attackers to use.
After earlier announcements by BT and ADVA, now it's the turn of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd and Telefónica to toot their respective trumpets about how they are breaking new ground in their use of quantum technology -- which uses individual photons to create "unhackable" encryption -- on a commercial optical network. Telefónica and Huawei teamed up with UPM (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) on the trial, connecting three different sites within the Madrid metropolitan area and employing a principle called quantum key distribution (QKD) in combination with a number of software-controlled devices.

 

Li-Fi passes industrial test with BMW's robotic tools

Gli studi per usare LED invece che Wireless vanno avanti da tempo, ma questa ... potrebbe essere il modo migliore nell'ambiente di fabbrica!

 

Research institute Fraunhofer HHI who pioneered the development of LiFi has announced the successful completion of the BMBF-funded OWICELLS project, with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich.
The project's aim was to develop more flexible manufacturing cells in the area of automotive engineering through the use of fast optical wireless technologies instead of relying on wired fieldbuses or common radio solutions.
The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot carrying out usual production processes such as welding, moving and testing parts in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes (in effect, a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output architecture). The system put in place can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s, with a five milliseconds latency. Li-Fi is based on low-cost LEDs and uses the license-free spectrum of visible and infrared light. Optical data transmission does depend on a line-of-sight connection, however, it cannot be jammed by radio transmitters and it is immune to electromagnetic interferences found in high-current industrial environments.
As the automobile industry seeks to build more flexible robotic tools to fulfil individual customer requirements, mobile robots ought to be networked with artificial intelligence in the cloud at low-latency.
“Li-Fi can unburden the densely occupied Wi-Fi spectrum and realize an uninterrupted mobile transmission for industrial IoT. Li-Fi works reliably when typical industrial work such as spot welding with high currents and flashes of light takes place,” emphasized Gerhard Kleinpeter, project manager at BMW. 
The three-year project was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) with 1.6 million euros. Project partners were BMW AG, evopro and Fraunhofer HHI (coordinator). OSRAM and the Munich University of Applied Sciences were associated partners and subcontractors, respectively.

 

Lotta per San Jose come test bed di smart city tra AT&T e Verizon

San Jose è il centro della SV che è il centro del mondo ... e sia AT&T che VZ offrono soldi alla città per implemenntare la smart city che sarebbe una vetrina formidabile, evidentemente

 




Content and Services

 

 

Football matches land on your table thanks to augmented reality

Con gli occhiali opportuni, la partita di calcio diventa un mondo virtuale sul tavolo di casa, senza TV

 

The “Soccer On Your Tabletop” system takes as its input a video of a match and watches it carefully, tracking each player and their movements individually. The images of the players are then mapped onto 3D models “extracted from soccer video games,” and placed on a 3D representation of the field. Basically they cross FIFA 18 with real life and produce a sort of miniature hybrid.
Now, it’s far from perfect. One might even say it’s a bit useless. The characters’ positions are estimated, so they jump around a bit, and the ball doesn’t really appear much, so everyone appears to just be dancing around on a field. (That’s on the to-do list.)
The research is being presented at the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition conference in Salt Lake City, and it’s a collaboration between Facebook, Google and the University of Washington.

 

French broadcasters band together for online platform

Alleanza per un servizio "OTT VIdeo" tra operatori tv in Francia; nuove piattaforme richiedono forme nuove di collaborazione, la competizione non è tra attori nazionali ma internazionali

 

France Télévisions, M6 and TF1 have announced plans to launch a new OTT platform.
The subscription-based SALTO will bring together public and commercial broadcasters and existing online services MYTF1, 6Play and France.tv.
An independent company will be established to run the platform that will also be open to other broadcasters.
“This project is for the TF1 Group a strong commitment to openness and strategic cooperation with both the French and European major players,” said Gilles Pélisson, Chairman and CEO of TF1. “This will give us in the future all the weapons to face our challenges and we always will effectively meet the expectations of our public.”
“Faced with the global platforms, SALTO will provide a high quality service to all our public and expose the best of French and European creation”, added Delphine Ernotte Cunci, President, France Télévisions.
SALTO will screen a mix of sports, entertainment French drama, US series, documentaries and movies.
It will also develop its own French and European content.

 

In Australia OPTUS (fixed and mobile broadband, secondo operatore) compra i diritti di streaming dei mondiali calcio, ma il sistema IP non regge e deve chiedere aiuto alla SBS, la RAI australiana su DTT e satellite , offrendo gratis i diritti

… una cosa che si ricorderà!! Un segnale della difficoltà della OTT TV (quindi non IPTV ma OTT TV senza multicast) a gestire i grandi eventi in esclusiva.. 

 

Optus has announced that all World Cup games will be simulcast on free-to-air SBS for two days, after a wave of complaints about its subscription streaming service.
Key points:
The decision to hand the rights to SBS came after the PM called Optus's chief executive
Fans have been unable to watch live matches on the Optus Sport website and apps
There are calls for the telco to give refunds
Optus Sport holds the exclusive rights for most World Cup matches, but many subscribers have been unable to watch live games amid connection issues, dropouts and other faults during the tournament's opening days.
Optus chief executive Allen Lew said the telco would use the two days of simulcasting to come up with a "robust solution".
"We have a dedicated team that have been working around the clock to attend to the technical issues," he said.
"The demand is no reason for us to make the mistakes that we did over the weekend so I apologise for that."
SBS Managing Director Michael Ebeid said if the technical issues are not fixed within 48 hours the simulcasting could be extended, but for now there were no plans to.
Communications Minister Mitch Fifield said he was glad the "sensible" deal to give the games to SBS had been struck.
Federal Labor's Steve Georganas said he had been "inundated" with complaints and called for Optus to "immediately refund customers for a service that hasn't worked as advertised".
"It's time to treat the world game, the football community, with respect," the Adelaide-based MP told the Lower House.
Optus charges $15 a month for subscriptions to the service.
In a statement, an Optus spokesman said work was underway "around the clock" to fix the problems.

 

Approfondimento della settimana

 

 

La parola della settimana: "Groupthink" : The Psychological Phenomenon of 'Groupthink' With Examples

 

Have you ever agreed with your friends on something just to avoid feeling left out? Or have seen someone make a big mistake in the name of maintaining peace in the group? Then you have experienced or witnessed a phenomenon known as 'groupthink.' We explain the same, along with some famous groupthink examples from across the board.
In 1952, regarding an article in the Fortune Magazine, William H. Whyte first coined the term "Groupthink."
We have all at some point or the other, faced a circumstance where we have had to suppress our true ideals, beliefs, and opinions to avoid arguments, frustrations, resentment, and feeling out-of-place. This often happens when we are with family debating beliefs, with peers during discussions, and at the workplace, while brainstorming. But these are not the only isolated situations where you will find the occurrence of such an incident. So what is this type of behavior called?
This phenomenon is a psychological occurrence known as "Groupthink."  This led him to further question why, despite the presence of many educated and informed minds in a group, that faulty decisions were made as a whole. He studied many political events during this course, which he published in his revised book "Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes"