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Our Emissions to Air

05/16/2016 - 00:00 PM

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Greenhouse gas emissions by the Group consist almost exclusively of carbon dioxide and are due to the use of fossil fuels for heating, transport, electricity generation, purchase of electricity produced by third parties and staff travel (for business trips and commuting between home and work). In addition to these, dispersals of hydrochlorofluorocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons (HCFC and HFC) from air conditioning systems are also considered and converted into kg of CO2 equivalent. 

For atmospheric emissions as well, use is made of the Global Reporting Initiative - GRI Version 4 - guidelines, which refer to the definitions of the GHG Protocol, distinguishing between:

  • direct emissions (Scope 1: use of fossil fuels for transport, heating, power generation);
  • indirect emissions (Scope 2: purchase of electricity for industrial and civil use);
  • other indirect emissions (Scope 3).
     

Unless otherwise stated, the atmospheric emission figures given in the Sustainability Report have been calculated based on the emission factors published by the GHG Protocol.

Information on Group's emissions, strategy, measures, management of climate change related risks and opportunities are also communicated every year to stakeholders through the CDP Climate Change questionnaire. In 2014 and 2015 the company has been included in the CDP Climate Disclosure Leadership Index (CDLI) for Italy, thanks to the results achieved  and the completeness and transparency of the information provided.

Carbon Intensity Indicator

Telecom Italia measures the “carbon footprint” of its Domestic BU also by using  an indicator that establishes a relationship between the company’s direct and indirect operational CO2 emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2), measured in kg, with the service offered to the customers in terms of  Tbit transmitted.

The factors taken into considerations are the amount of data and voice traffic of the fixed/mobile network and direct emissions produced by using fossil fuels for heating, vehicles and self-production of electrical energy, and indirect emissions due to purchase and consumption of electrical energy from grid.

In 2015 the value of the indicator improved by around 19% compared to 2014, due to both a significant increase of transmitted traffic, and the containment of the consumption of heating and vehicle fuels, that balanced out an increase of natural gas consumption for electricity production by tri-generation.