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F

FFC – Full Free Cooling
Cooling system based on the use of forced ventilation in order to reduce energy consumption.



FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)
The Forest Stewardship Council is an international nonprofit NGO. FSC provides an internationally acknowledged forest certification system for ensuring correct forest management and the traceability of forestry products. The FSC logo guarantees that the product was made with raw materials from forests that are correctly managed according to the principles of the two main standards: forest management and custody chain. FSC certification is an independent third-party process.


Future Generations
Future generations are the target of all measures aimed at  promoting sustainable development through the protection of the environment for preserving the natural functions of ecosystems.


G

Gender equity
A term used to identify the lack of discrimination on a company’s part in managing human resources with respect to gender, ethnicity, religion or to individuals belonging to disadvantaged categories.


Global Compact
An international initiative of the General Secretariat of the United Nations that aims to unite United Nations agencies, international businesses, labor unions and civil society in supporting universally recognized social and environmental principles.

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Global Health Fund
An initiative that originated in the context of the G8 whose purpose is to mobilize financial and organizational resources and to involve the governments of major countries and the world’s main pharmaceutical companies, major businesses operating in other sectors and charities to provide drugs and vaccines to poor countries, aiding them in the fight against malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS.


Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
A multi-stakeholder initiative of the Boston-based Ceres NGO that involves environmental organizations, professionals, institutional investors, labor unions, religious organizations, businesses and UNEP (UN) consulting and auditing companies that has been developing economic, social and environmental qualitative and quantitative indicators since 1997.

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Greenhouse Gases - GHG)
The main greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O): they occur naturally in the atmosphere, although current concentrations have increased greatly as a result of human activities (industrial processes, the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum-based fuels) that cause their emission. Greenhouse gases also include chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs), methyl bromide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), whose presence in the atmosphere is caused only by human activities. The general increase in tropospheric ozone (O3), caused by emissions of nitrogen oxide (NOx) and volatile organic compounds other than methane (COVNM) also contribute to global warming, while the aerosols present in the atmosphere have a distinct cooling effect. Greenhouse gases absorb the infrared radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface and reflect it back, causing a rise in temperature.


Growth
An increase in size through the addition of matter, by assimilation or through the aggregation of a system (economic and non-economic).