Menu

The Group’s greenhouse gas emissions consist almost exclusively of carbon dioxide generated by fossil fuels for heating, transport, power generation and the purchase of electricity from third parties staff travel (service/maintenance activities, business trips and commuting from home to work).

In addition to these, fugitive emissions i.e. hydrochlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs and HFCs) and other gases from air conditioning systems are also considered and converted into kg of CO2 equivalent.

For atmospheric emissions as well, use is made of the GHG Protocol approach, distinguishing between direct or Scope1 emissions (use of fossil fuels for transport, heating, power generation and fugitive emissions), indirect or Scope2 emissions (purchase of electricity for industrial and civil use) and other indirect or Scope3 emissions. Unless otherwise stated, the atmospheric emission figures given here have been calculated based on the updated coefficients made available by the GHG Protocol[1].Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx) emissions are negligible.

Information on Group's emissions, strategy, measures, management of climate change related risks and opportunities are also communicated every year to stakeholders through the CDP Climate Change questionnaire. In 2017 CDP TIM has achieved a B, which testifies a good management of climate change related issues.

Carbon Intensity Indicator

TIM measures the “carbon footprint” of its Domestic BU also by using  an indicator that establishes a relationship between the company’s direct and indirect operational CO2 emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2), measured in kg, with the service offered to the customers in terms of  Tbit transmitted.

The factors taken into considerations are the amount of data and voice traffic of the fixed/mobile network and direct emissions produced by using fossil fuels for heating, vehicles and self-production of electrical energy, and indirect emissions due to purchase and consumption of electrical energy from grid.

TIM measures the “Carbon Intensity” of its Domestic BU[2] also by using an indicator that establishes a relationship between the company’s direct and indirect operational CO2 emissions (Scope1 and Scope2), measured in kg, with the service offered to the customers in terms of Tbits transmitted.

The factors taken into considerations are the amount of data and voice traffic of the fixed/mobile network and direct emissions produced by using fossil fuels for heating, vehicles and self-production of electrical energy, and indirect emissions due to purchase and consumption of electrical energy from grid.

The value of the indicator decreased significantly in 2017: -28% compared to 2016. However, it is much higher than in 2015 (+214%). This is due to the decision taken in 2016 not to invest, in Italy, in acquiring guarantees of origin, which certify the electricity produced by renewable sources. Therefore, the emissions produced by purchasing electricity from mixed sources (Scope2) increased significantly in 2016 compared to the two previous years.

The traffic transmitted has also increased significantly in 2017: + 24% compared to 2016 and +69% compared to 2015.

 

[1]  Emissions relating to the consumption of electricity purchased from mixed sources in the Italian market have been calculated by using the coefficient published by the GHG Protocol (2009) which considers the national energy mix, and is equal to 386 grams of CO2/kWh. For Brazil, the average coefficients for 2015, 2016 and 2017 have been used, as calculated and published by the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications), of approximately 124.4, 81.7 and 92.7 grams respectively of CO2/kWh

[2] The operations of Persidera and Olivetti Group are not included.