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W


Window Dressing

Trading activity near the end of a quarter or fiscal year that is designed to dress up a portfolio to be presented to clients or shareholders.

Y


Yield

The annual percentage rate of return earned on a security. Yield is a function of a security's purchase price and coupon interest rate.

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Yield curve
A line tracing relative yields on a type of security over a spectrum of maturities ranging from three months to 30 years.


Yield to call

A yield on a security calculated by assuming that interest payments will be paid until the call date, when the security will be redeemed at the call price.


Yield to maturity

A yield based on the assumption that the security remains outstanding to maturity. It represents the total of coupon payments until maturity, plus interest on interest, and whatever gain or loss is realized from the security at maturity.


Z


Zero-coupon bond

A bond where no periodic interest payments are made. The investor receives one payment, which includes principal and interest.  

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