How 5G will change our lives How 5G will change our lives

How 5G will change our lives

Print
- + Text size

Autonomous cars, the Internet of Things (IoT), delivery drones, smart car parks that tell vehicles whether there are spaces available and traffic lights that manage traffic flow in real time. New technologies are about to revolutionise our cities and it's all down to the innovation which will make it all possible: 5G, the new generation of on-the-go data transmission.
Capable of a maximum speed of 20 gigabits per second (vs 1 giga with 4G), latency (the time it takes to connect) which will drop from 20 to 2 milliseconds, and the ability to simultaneously connect over one million devices per square kilometre, 5G will finally bring the Internet of Everything (IoE) to life, creating connections between tens of billions of connected objects, which will populate the world and thus enable large cities to undergo digital transformation.
One example is autonomous cars: for self-driving cars to negotiate the road without causing accidents, vehicle-to-vehicle communication must be very fast, almost instant. Only new data transmission technology can offer these characteristics in terms of reliability, speed, latency and the ability to manage huge numbers of connected devices simultaneously.
This is just one of the many applications of 5G, futuristic technology which should start to become available on the market around 2020 and is already being tested in Italy. Credit to the joint efforts of companies such as TIM, Fastweb and Huawei, which towards the end of May presented the first practical applications set to become reality in the cities of Bari and Matera.
Città dei Sassi (Matera) – the 2019 European Capital of Culture – hosted the presentation of a virtual reality solution, enabled by 5G no less, which will offer remote visits to some of the most fascinating places in Matera, following indications provided by the virtual guide and offering the chance to meet other visitors in the VR (virtual reality) world – wherever they are in the real world.
Bari, on the other hand, hosted the presentation of an application critical to the Industry 4.0 field: the use of augmented reality to maintain the engines of ships developed by the Bari-Matera 5G Consortium. With an AR (augmented reality) headset and the features of the new generation data transmission, remote assistance can be offered to workers who assemble ship engines, providing them with 3D directions superimposed onto an image of the engine.
Once again thanks to TIM, here in collaboration with Nokia, San Marino could become the first 5G nation in Europe (and one of the first in the world) equipped with smart city services such as smart parking, air quality monitoring via IoT sensors, digital tourism tools using virtual reality and Industry 4.0 services.
Another area that will benefit immensely from the potential of 5G is agriculture, which will become ‘smart agriculture’ (or precision agriculture). A study by the European Parliament has estimated that the use of 5G sensors in sector agriculture could, among many other things, reduce the use of pesticides by 85% with the use of an analysis of data from sensors, which will allow farmers to perceive problems linked to diseases and parasites well in advance. This will not only make it possible to produce better quality food items, but also to considerably increase crop yields.
Similarly, healthcare will become ever smarter, thanks above all to low latency which promises to make remote surgery truly reliable (allowing physicians to use remote control to manoeuvre the robots which physically carry out the operation).  This will not only allow very delicate operations to be performed in remote corners of the world, but will revolutionise emergency medicine, for example making it possible to perform remote operations directly in an ambulance.
In the next few years, the work carried out by telecommunications operators and other players in the mobile industry – working to find the best technical solutions and define 5G standards – will see the achievement of further developments in the reduction of latency and increased bandwidth and density.
If all this seems like science fiction, prepare to live in the future; because 5G, smart cities, Industry 4.0 and precision agriculture are becoming a more concrete reality with each day that passes.