Ratings
Designations used by credit rating agencies to give relative indications of credit quality.

Realized Profit (or Loss)
Profit or loss resulting from the sale or other disposal of a security.


Recycling
The reuse in productive processes of salvaged waste materials (paper, plastic, metal, etc.).


Registered bond

A bond whose owner is registered with the issuer or its agent. Transfer of ownership can only be accomplished when the securities are properly endorsed by the registered owner.

Reinvestment risk

The risk that interest income or principal repayments will have to be reinvested at lower rates in a declining rate environment. Because of changes in the 1986 Tax Reform Act, most CMOs are now issued in REMIC form to create certain tax advantages for the issuer. The terms REMIC and CMO are now used interchangeably.


Renewability
The possibility of naturally replenishing a resource.


Renewable Energy Task Force
An initiative that originated within the G8 that promotes the spread of renewable energy forms.

Renewable energy sources
The main ones are solar power (harnessed through photovoltaic or solar cells), hydroelectric power, wind power and power produced from biomass (this term specifically refers to non-fossil substances of biological origin: materials and residues originating from agriculture or forests, byproducts and waste from the food processing industry, waste from livestock farms, but also urban waste, whose organic fraction accounts for approximately 40% of its weight, algae and many vegetable species used to treat organic sewage). In most parts of the world, these forms of energy are the only local resources that are available. They derive directly or indirectly from solar energy and have the advantage of generally having a low environmental impact, with the exception of the burning of biomass or urban waste; excluding hydroelectric and biomass power, their main drawbacks consist in their extreme variability and intermittence.

REMIC (Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit)Retail Investor
An investor who buys securities on his own behalf, not for an organization.

Retained Earnings

Net profits kept to accumulate in a business after dividends are paid.

Return on Equity

Amount, expressed as a percentage, earned on a company's common stock investment for a given period.
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Revenue bond
A municipal bond payable from revenues derived from tolls, charges or rents paid by users of the facility constructed with the proceeds of the bond issue.

REVOLVING FACILITY
The expression “revolving credit facility” or “revolving credit" means a credit line which can be used in several solutions.

Rights Offering

Offering of common stock to existing shareholders who hold rights that entitles then to buy newly issued shares at a discount from the price at which shares will later be offered to the public.

Risk management
The management of a company’s risk of incurring in accidents and/or financial losses, or the management of emergency/crisis plans for facing external events.

Roaming
A function that enables wireless subscribers to use the service on networks of operators other than the one with which they signed their initial contract. The roaming service is active when wireless is used in a foreign country (included in GSM network).

 

RoHS (Restiction of Hazardous Substance)
European Directive n° 95 of 2002 regulating the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.