F


Face amount
Par value (principal or maturity value) of a security appearing on the face of the instrument

Federal funds rate

The interest rate charged by banks on loans of their excess reserve funds to other banks. The Federal Reserve's ability to add or withdraw reserves from the banking system gives it close control over this rate.


FFC – Full Free Cooling
Cooling system based on the use of forced ventilation in order to reduce energy consumption.


Fiscal Year

A 365-day accounting period for which a company or mutual fund prepares financial statements.

 


Fixed Asset

Tangible property used in the operations of a business, but not expected to be consumed or converted into cash in the ordinary course of events.

Floating-rate bond

A bond for which the interest rate is adjusted periodically according to a predetermined formula, usually linked to an index.

Floor
The lower limit for the interest rate on a floating-rate bond.

Forward Contract

Purchase or sale of a specific quantity of a commodity, government security, foreign currency, or other financial instrument at the current or spot rate, with delivery and settlement at a specified future date.

Front Running

Practice whereby a securities or commodities trader takes a position to capitalize on advance knowledge of a large upcoming transaction expected to influence the market price.


FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)
The Forest Stewardship Council is an international nonprofit NGO. FSC provides an internationally acknowledged forest certification system for ensuring correct forest management and the traceability of forestry products. The FSC logo guarantees that the product was made with raw materials from forests that are correctly managed according to the principles of the two main standards: forest management and custody chain. FSC certification is an independent third-party process.

 

FTT HOME, FTT CURB, FTT (Fiber to the …)
It is the term used to indicate any network architecture that uses fiber optic cables in partial or total substitution of traditional copper cables used in telecommunications networks. The various technological solutions differ in the point of the distribution network where the fiber connection is made, with respect to the end-user. In the case of FTT Curb (Fiber to the Curb) the fiber arrives at the apparatus (distribution cabinet) located on the pavement, from where copper connections are run to the customer; in the case of FTTHome (Fiber to the Home), the fiber terminates inside the home of the customer.

 


Futures Contract

An agreement to buy or sell a specific amount of a commodity or financial instrument at a particular price on a stipulated future date.


Future Generations 
Future generations are the target of all measures aimed at  promoting sustainable development through the protection of the environment for preserving the natural functions of ecosystems.

 

G


General obligation bond

A municipal bond secured by the pledge of the issuer's full faith, credit and taxing power.


Gender equity
A term used to identify the lack of discrimination on a company’s part in managing human resources with respect to gender, ethnicity, religion or to individuals belonging to disadvantaged categories.


Global Compact
An international initiative of the General Secretariat of the United Nations that aims to unite United Nations agencies, international businesses, labor unions and civil society in supporting universally recognized social and environmental principles.
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Global Depository Receipt (GDR)
Receipt of shares in a foreign-based corporation traded in capital markets around the world. The advantage to the issuing company is that they can raise capital in many markets, as opposed to just their home market.
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Global Health Fund
An initiative that originated in the context of the G8 whose purpose is to mobilize financial and organizational resources and to involve the governments of major countries and the world’s main pharmaceutical companies, major businesses operating in other sectors and charities to provide drugs and vaccines to poor countries, aiding them in the fight against malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
A multi-stakeholder initiative of the Boston-based Ceres NGO that involves environmental organizations, professionals, institutional investors, labor unions, religious organizations, businesses and UNEP (UN) consulting and auditing companies that has been developing economic, social and environmental qualitative and quantitative indicators since 1997.
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Greenhouse Gases - GHG)
The main greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O): they occur naturally in the atmosphere, although current concentrations have increased greatly as a result of human activities (industrial processes, the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum-based fuels) that cause their emission. Greenhouse gases also include chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs), methyl bromide, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), whose presence in the atmosphere is caused only by human activities. The general increase in tropospheric ozone (O3), caused by emissions of nitrogen oxide (NOx) and volatile organic compounds other than methane (COVNM) also contribute to global warming, while the aerosols present in the atmosphere have a distinct cooling effect. Greenhouse gases absorb the infrared radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface and reflect it back, causing a rise in temperature.

 

GRI (Global Reporting Initiative)

 

Growth
An increase in size through the addition of matter, by assimilation or through the aggregation of a system (economic and non-economic).

 

Growth Stock
Stock of a corporation that has exhibited faster-than-average gains in earnings over the last few years and is expected to continue to show high levels of profit growth.

GSM (Global System for Communication)
A standard for digital cellular telephony used in the world and working on 900MHz and 1800MHz band.
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