Earnings Per Share (EPS)
Portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock.
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EBIT
measure of earnings of a company before interests, income tax, taxes and extraordinary components.
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EBITDA

measure of earnings before interest, taxes, extraordinary components, depreciation and amortisation.
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EBITDA MARGIN
is the ratio between EBITDA and revenue, and expresses the percentage incidence of the gross operating profit on the turnover of a company.

 


Ecologic economy
A sector of economic sciences that considers the relationships between the economic system and the environment together, and affirms the necessity of also including (and assessing) the qualitative and quantitative changes that take place in the natural capital among the productive factors del of the economic system.


EEB (Energy Efficiency in Buildings) 
An international initiative promoted by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development to conduct research on the energy efficiency of buildings.    

EFFC (Extraction Full Free Cooling)
A lower-consuming cooling system that doesn’t use greenhouse gases. EFFC is based on the principle of Free Cooling (forced ventilation without conditioning), associated with a system for extracting the warm air produced by equipment and further (adiabatic) cooling of intake air achieved through the use of an area with a high concentration of nebulized water.


EIB (Bank of European Investments)
set up in 1958 by the Treaty of Rome, the BEI is the long term credit bank of the  European Union. It issues loans to the public and private sector to finance projects of European interest.
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Electromagnetism
In telecommunications, it refers to the use of electromagnetic waves (i.e. consisting of the spreading through space of an electrical field and a magnetic field coupled and perpendicular to each other with respect to the direction of propagation) for transmitting signals in the absence of a physical connection, although it is a phenomenon that occurs in nature just as in any electrical equipment. The widespread resort to technologies that make use of electromagnetism is a recent and rapidly increasing phenomenon and is a new element connected to the widespread diffusion of products and services. Its possible effects on health are being studied in depth by the international scientific community, which has already defined limits for exposure on which, however, there is still no unanimous consensus.

EMAS
Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a voluntary environmental and industrial policy tool aimed at promoting constant the improvement of the environmental efficiency of industrial activities.
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Embedded option
A provision within a bond giving either the issuer or the bondholder an option to take some action against the other party. The most common embedded option is a call option, giving the issuer the right to call, or retire, the debt before the scheduled maturity.


Empowerment
A term that generally indicates a process of self-actualization.

 

EMS (Environmental Management Systems).
Environmental Management Systems contribute to the management, in a sustainable way, of the production and support processes, and are a stimulus to continuous improvement in environmental performance in that they are instruments for ensuring the effective management, prevention and continuous reduction of environmental impact in the field of working processes.

Environmental accounting
It measures, through monetary and non-monetary indicators, the value of natural and environmental resources, in order to quantify the benefits and damage done to the environment.

Environmental report
A management/communication tool that describes the relations between an organization and the environment, assessing the ecological impact of business activities.

Environmental Management System
It is the part of a company’s global management system that encompasses the organizational structure, liability, procedures, processes and resources for defining and implementing the company’s environmental policy, which is generally  aimed at reducing environmental impact.  Its main references are the ISO 14000 family of international regulations and Regulation 761/01 of the Council of the European Union, known as EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) that is valid inside the EU.

EPS (External Power Supplies)
External equipment power supplies


Equity Fund

A fund that invests primarily in stocks. Also known as a stock fund.

 

EuP (Energy-using Products)
Within the scope of the Directive for the eco-compatible design of products which consume energy (Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products 2005/32/EC), the regulatory framework has been defined to which producers of energy-using products (EuP) must comply, from the design phase onwards, to increase energy efficiency and reduce the negative environmental impact of their products. 


Ethical Code
A document, approved by the Board of Directors, indicating the company’s goals and values, with reference to the main stakeholders that the company interacts with on a daily basis. The company’s bodies, management and all of the Group’s staff must comply with the Ethical Code.

Ethical finance
The term includes an entire series of activities and players (agencies, banks, funds... ) whose concept of finance differs from the traditional one. These initiatives give individual savers or investors the possibility of choosing to invest their money on the basis of moral and ethical principles and values. Individual investors or savers are therefore able to control the non-economic consequences of their economic actions. They are not concerned solely with financial gains and profitability, but want to make sure that their money is used ethically, in the respect of human rights, environmental rights and workers’ rights.

ETNO
ETNO is the trade association of the European Telecommunications Network Operators; it is based in Brussels and represents 42 companies based in 33 countries. It is organized into 15 work groups composed of experts nominated by its member companies, who express their views on topics such as regulations, technical standards, market issues, broadband, e-commerce, mobile telephony, sustainability, etc. ETNO manages and promotes the Environmental Charter of European Telecommunications Operators, launched in 1996 and which presently counts 25 signatories, and of which Telecom Italia is the founding member. Web site: www.etno.be.

EuP (Energy-using Products)
In the context of the Directive for the ecocompatible design of energy-producing products (Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products, 2005/32/EC), the legislative framework that the producers of energy-consuming products (EuP) must comply with, as early as the design stage, to increase the energy efficiency and to reduce the negative environmental impact of their products, was defined.

Eurobond
Bond denominated in U.S. dollars or other currencies and sold to investors outside the country whose currency is used.

EV (Enterprise Value)

it is a market-based measure of a company's value. It is often used as an alternative to straightforward market capitalization in order to ascertain the true value of a company.
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Ex-Dividend
The interval between a fund distribution's record date and payable date. During this period, investors who purchase shares are not entitled to the distribution payment.

Exercise Price

Price at which the stock or commodity underlying a call or put option can be purchased (call) or sold (put) over the specified period