ATTEMPt - AssessmenT of metropolitan populaTion mobility and its influence on air pollution Exposure by integrated models and Mobile Phone data

 

Academic Track

The idea

Air pollution exposure of population living in large metropolitan areas are normally inferred by time series of either measured or modeled concentrations matched with addresses of residence based on static census data. Unfortunately a large part of active population (eg. working age) spent most of the time away from its residence place, introducing an incorrect assessment of its exposure and consequently in the evaluation of health effects. Recently, court studies on air pollution exposure introduced the use of GPS data coupled with either fixed station or personal exposure monitoring data to account for this mobility of population, but practical and economic reasons do not allow its application for large population studies. The ability to track the position of individuals introduced by the use of mobile phone communications, opens the possibility to overcome the static limit of census data, allowing to couple dynamic maps of distribution of population with maps of air pollution concentrations.

The project ATTEMPt  aims at using population presence and demographics gridded data, derived by mobile phone telecommunication data, to better understand the mobility of population living/working in a large metropolitan area, and to couple them with gridded air pollution concentrations results obtained by integrated models, to get high accuracy estimates of short term dynamic exposure of inhabitants (as total and gender/ages separated) for the production of exposure maps and graphs of cumulative population distribution of air pollution exposure from which estimate the amount of population exposed to a specific level of exposure (eg. WHO guideline).

Main goals are:
Ø  To obtain information about the mobility of population within large metropolitan areas;
Ø  To increase the accuracy of estimates of air pollution exposure of population living/working in large metropolitan areas;
Ø  To investigate about the influence of gender and ages of population on air pollution exposure 

 
 
 

The Team

Modeling Laboratory group, INAIL DIMEILA Dep.nt

Dr. Claudio Gariazzo and Dr. Armando Pelliccioni are both physicists. They took their degree at the University of Rome. As a researcher their main research fields are air pollution modeling and exposure assessment. They are authors of many papers published on both peer-reviewed journals and international conference proceedings. Dr. Gariazzo was involved in many National and International working groups (eg. IPPC, COST ES1006). Dr. Pelliccioni is a contract professor of  “Neural Network for Nuclear Medicine” at the University Policlinico A. Gemelli of  Rome. They were involved in both national and European research projects as both participant and scientific responsible of working packages. In particular, dr. Gariazzo was the scientific coordinator of the EXPAH LIFE+ project which deals with population exposure of PAHs and their health impact assessment. Since 1994 both work at the former ISPESL Institute, now INAIL Institute, at the Department of Medicine, Epidemiology, Hygiene and Environment. Dr. Gariazzo and Pelliccioni are components of the Modeling Laboratory being part of the above Department. This laboratory develops and applies different modeling techniques for the simulation of dispersion and transformation of pollutants and the related assessment of environmental impact. Recent studies involve the development of advanced model techniques for health-environment aspects such as: estimation of population exposure to air pollutants, definition of environmental health index, evaluation of health effects, in terms of hospitalization, produced by air pollutants, study of micrometeorological urban effects on pollutants.

 

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