I am moving to a Smart City! I am moving to a Smart City!

I am moving to a Smart City!

   

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If in 2050 more than 75% of the world's population will live in urban centres (*), the development models of the cities will be increasingly based on “smart” solutions capable of improving people’s lives and reducing environmental impact due to growth of the cities.
And the Global Goals for Sustainable Development - the 17 humanitarian goals outlined by the UN for global sustainable development   - state it clearly: we must strive towards enhancing the quality of our lives, protecting the environment and fighting climate change through innovation and advanced technology.
Today, New York City, Amsterdam, La Coruña and Milan are outstanding examples of cities where one can move from one point to another without worrying about traffic, get back home in the evening feeling safe, take a walk aware that pollution is monitored and kept within safety limits.

New York, the super-tech smart city

The Administration of New York, a city that has always been considered a leader in sustainable planning, makes most of technology and hunts for high-tech talents to develop innovative solutions. 
Digital.NYC is the official on-line hub for the ecosystem of high-tech start-ups gathering 7,000 start-ups, 190 investors, 8,800 jobs, training courses, blogs, working spaces, accelerators and incubators for new firms.
New York is planning to replace 10,000 disused phone booths with interactive kiosks connected to the Internet with the aim of getting to the Internet of Everything. In addition, every citizen and business will have a connection that is reliable, accessible everywhere, at competitive prices and at gigabit speed by 2025.
The separate waste collection system will be boosted and made more efficient by means of real-time sensors integrated in the waste containers that will facilitate efficient planning of collection schedule according to the filling of the containers.  

Amsterdam, the smart city for all

ASC (Amsterdam Smart Cities), a partnership between more than 100 public and private entities aimed at creating smart services and infrastructures, was established in 2009 in Amsterdam. Up to date, ASC has promoted more than 70 projects focused on energy efficiency, renewable energy, services for citizens and open data.
And Serious Game (a digital educational game) was developed to create awareness around the topic of energy efficiency among the youth. For instance, the next version of its app will be based on real energy data collected by the city’s smart metering system.
As concerns work, Smart Work Centres - the connected, flexible and sustainable working areas - have now been operative for several years.
They were positioned in residential centres and they were conceived to be used by companies, start-ups and universities with the aim of reducing movement from one place to another and creating an ecosystem based on the smart working paradigm. As a result, the space occupied by offices has dropped by 40% thus enhancing environmental sustainability due to the elimination of 3.5 tons of CO2, hence saving 10 million euros in terms of expenditure.

La Coruña, the smart city offering real time info

In La Coruña, Spain, the city's delivery programme, funded by the European Regional Development Fund, facilitates interoperability of various systems and devices, thus providing real time information based on a big data, cloud and open source approach.
An automated irrigation system that optimises the use of water for parks and public gardens thanks to a network of sensors that monitors the humidity of the soil and air as well as the amount of rain and wind is one of the main smart solutions. Innovation in the Spanish town spreads to tourism and mobility too.

Milan, Italy’s smartest city

At the national level, during the 2015 Expo, Milan presented a series of applications and smart services thanks to TIM’s technological infrastructure. 
According to the 2016 ICityRate ranking - drafted by Edizioni FPA and based on 106 municipalities serving as provincial administrative centres according to 105 statistical parameters - Milan is currently the smartest city in Italy.
Milan leads in the Economy, People and Living sectors with the highest per capita added value, highest number of filed patents and the highest number of Fablabs, i.e. creativity laboratories creating objects using new digital technology. In addition, it boasts of the highest number of maker spaces as well as new digital artisans operating in the territory.
Thus, the Lombardy city opted to stake on collaborative economy and the great opportunities that come with the Internet.
Over the last three years, the Milan administration has set up more than 70 projects to promote technological and social innovation, worth more than 200 million euros funded through internal and external resources.

What you need to become a Smart City

Definitely, New York, Milan, Amsterdam and La Coruña are smart cities offering their citizens and businesses great opportunities through advanced and customised services, boosting the competitiveness of the latter in the process.  The environment has also benefited heftily from Smart Cities which have put in place numerous systems for monitoring the protection thereof. 
What can a telco like TIM do to create smart cities?
Let's begin at home:  security and alarm systems like video cameras, motion sensors, smart services for home air conditioning and automatic lighting control, devices for monitoring boilers. 
What of the roads?  Video surveillance systems through WI-FI access points and video cameras on public lighting lampposts as concerns security.
As concerns collective security, that is involving citizens, and monitoring the urban territory, there are several services and solutions, in particular aimed at managing urban problems by reporting uncivil conduct and degradation phenomena.
As concerns improving waste management, disposal tracking systems just like in New York.
And lastly, the environment around us, the air we breathe.
In order to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, there is the remote-control of facilities and the reporting of gas leakage and flooding.  We also have an energy consumption remote-management system, aimed at saving energy. Its functionalities include on-site energy efficiency analysis, advanced reporting, consultancy services and efficiency enhancement actions.
We should also bear in mind the Olivetti project for monitoring the quality of air and reducing particulate matter in highly busy areas. The project provides for that data be collected and sent to a cloud application in real time. In addition, the equipment is capable of suctioning polluted air and releasing clean air.
Smart management of public transport means and traffic flow, alongside monitoring parking spaces, enables avoiding traffic congestion and facilitating mobility.  Lastly, sensors for detecting pollutant agents, acoustic pollution and humidity also enable monitoring the territory and environment in real time.
We are talking of Smart Services, a world of services we created for cities of the future, a future we believe not too distant. We are also talking of Urban Security, the environmental and optimal energy management services system. Olivetti's Smart Clean Air and Energreen IT Cloud. 
Outside our cities, Smart Agriculture offers farming companies the opportunity to boost the quality and profitability of their products thanks to the Internet of Things technology.  This is a solution based on the “cloud” platform and which enables companies to monitor several crucial factors from their PCs or Tablets.
However, benefits also spread to those managing cities. Once operative, it will strive towards an integrated and real time management of urban centres, enhancing decision-making and planning actions, activities and services thanks to information and data provided by the systems. 
And this is the case of TIM City Forecast, a solution that enables optimising territorial, urban, commercial and transportation planning based on the density of the population in a given territory and the relative movement within the same.

(*) Forecast: Internet of Things, Endpoints and Associated Services, Worldwide, 2014

Source of the information on New York City, Amsterdam, La Coruña, Milan:  Rapporto Smart City Index 2016, Ernst & Young