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The Net: evolution and future

11/14/2017 - 10:30 AM

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Our aim is to quickly disseminate ultrabroadband in Italy.
At November 2017 we cabled with the new generation network (NGN) around 73% of the Italian households, while 4G (LTE) and  reached over 7,178 cities and about 98% of the population.

Why are we doing this? Because ultrabroadband brings new services with better quality.

NGAN: Trend coverage and targets (%)

Our TARGETS

End of 2017
  • fiber: about 85%
  • LTE: 98%
 
End of 2018
  • fiber: about 95%  
  • LTE: about 99%   
 
End of 2019
  • fiber: about 99%, also with the contribution of wireless technologies
  • LTE: over 99% of the population
ABOUT THE FIBER
Fiber cabling can be done in many ways. Since May 2016, we launched 1000 MB ultrabroadband services by cabling households on a FTTH (Fiber To The Home) network. Today Perugia, Milan, Catania, Turin, Bari, Messina, Salerno, Monza are reached by this technology and other main cities will follow.   
This technology brings optical fiber directly into the appartments - through the so called "verticals" - and is one of the methods we use together with FTTCab (Fiber To The Cabinet), currently the most used, which brings the fiber to the streetside cabinets.  
A FTTH network allows for connections of up to 1,000 megabits per second. A FTTC network, thanks to e-vdsl technology (Enhanced Very High-speed Digital Subscriber Line), can reach speeds of 200 megabits per second and, with further technological developments, can reach 300 megabits per second.      
In mid-June in 1,300 municipalities, of the about 1,900 reached by our fibre, this technological upgrade was already activated on their FTTC network. The maximum connection speed is thus doubled: from 100 to 200 megabits in download and 20 in upload. The operation can be requested for free by clients having a contract of up to 100 megabits and whose telephone line is deployed on a street cabinet already predisposed for e-vdsl technology. The client will receive a new latest generation modem.
Fibre significantly improves the browsing experience and offers new services. From home, for example, you can enjoy HD video, high quality, multiplayer online gaming and multimedia content simultaneously available on smartphones, tablets and smart TVs.  Moreover, optical fibre also brings applications such as telepresence, cloud computing services for businesses and is a step towards the smart city model for local administrations, with systems for security and monitoring the territory, infomobility and sensor networks for environmental tele-monitoring.
ABOUT 4G AND ITS EVOLUTION  
The mobile new generation network is called 4G or LTE (Long Term Evolution) and its further evolution: LTE Advanced or 4G Plus and 4.5 and 5G.
LTE technology allows data transmission speeds of up to 100 Mbit/s in download and 50 Mbit/s in upload; the upload speed is 8 times faster than that of the HSPA network (5.6 Mbit/s) and more than double in download (HSPA: 42.2 Mbit/s).
LTE Advanced technology makes it possible to achieve real transmission speeds roughly double those available on Italian mobile networks: up to 225 Mb per second.
All this means better performance, levels of service and Internet browsing for those using LTE mobile phones, smartphones, USB keys and tablets, allowing the user to enjoy high definition innovative multimedia contents even whilst on the move.
In the meantime we have already started working on 4G evolution towards 5G.
Last December we launched the new 4.5G technology in Rome, Palermo and Sanremo, and we gradually extended it. Today it is in 11 main municipalities among which Milan, Turin, Giardini Naxos and Taormina (where the G7 Summit was held on May).
The service is available with the Sony Xperia XZ smartphone, the first compatible device. With 4.5G our customers will be able to reach browsing speeds of up to 500 Mbps in downlink, with a particularly fluid and stable browsing experience. Downloading of films in high definition will take just a few minutes, allowing customers to enjoy full HD and 4K video content on the move.
We are the first in Europe to launch this service.
Our next step, the 5G network, is Turin. In this city, thanks to the agreement signed with the Municipality, we will build Italy’s first 5G network providing innovative services in the urban area of the Piedmont capital.  Over 100 smart cells will be installed in the main streets and squares as early as 2017 with the aim of covering the entire city by 2020.
And the Republic of San Marino will be the first State in Europe - and one of the first in the world - to have a 5G mobile network, thanks to the Memorandum of Understanding signed by us and the Government of the Republic of San Marino. In July the project started the operational phase.
 
FIBER + 4.5G
In June we made available the first offer which combines FTTH (Fiber To The Home) with 4.5G. A package which gives clients connections up to 1000 Mbps in download and 100 Mbps in upload in 70 municipalities already covered by FTTH and in 11 cities with 4.5G up to 500 Mpbs in download. From July, in Torino, Milano, Napoli, Roma, Palermo, Taormina and Giardini-Naxos, this speed will increase, for customers with enabled devices, up to 700 Mpbs.
matera-300x250
FURTHER WAYS TOWARDS 5G
Last September, the project "Bari Matera 5G" by TIM, Fastweb and Huawei for the development of the new mobile networks in these two cities entered into the operative stage as the Ministry of Economic Development (Mise) has awarded the the 5G testing on 3,6 – 3,8 GHz spectrum frequencies, as defined in the call for tenders.
The three companies submitted a joint plan as lead partners in coordination with 52 international, national and local bodies.
For more information read the article "5G: 4 construction sites opened"
THE PARTNERSHIP WITH FASTWEB
The partnership with Fastweb is still another way to speed up the creation of the fibre network (FTTH) in 29 cities with an investment of 1.2 billion euros, through the establishment of a joint venture with 80% of the capital held by TIM and 20% by Fastweb.
The new company will handle the creation, on behalf of TIM and Fastweb, and the subsequent rental to them, of a secondary network and the vertical segments up to user homes. The new company's business plan envisages connecting around 3 million homes with FTTH technology within 2020 which will allow connection speeds of 1 Gigabit per second.
Moreover TIM will buy from Fastweb over the next 18 months the infrastructure with FTTH technology that will allow around 650 thousand homes in 6 cities to connect to TIM's network one year earlier than envisaged in the Business Plan.

An agreement to speed up the development of optic fibre networks

On September 12, 2017, TIM and UTILITALIA - the federation of the companies operating on national territory in the public services of electricity, gas, water and the environment - have signed a Memorandum of Understanding that, in application of regulations for the development of ultra-fast broadband networks, shall facilitate the use of pre-existing infrastructures (pipes, ducts and public lighting networks) of more than 500 local utility operators.

Read the press note